python实现桌面托盘气泡提示

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本文真例为各人分享了Python真现桌里托盘气泡提醒的详细代码,供各人参考,详细内容以下

# -*- encoding:utf⑻ -*- 
##############################
#
# 法式名:python桌里托盘气泡
# 文件名:clsBubble.py
# 功用 :真现桌里托盘气泡提醒功用
# modify:by adengou 2016.1.4
# program:python3.4.4
# 合用 :windowsXP -windows10
#
##############################
import sys 
import os 
import struct 
import time 
import win32con 
 
from win32api import * 
# Try and use XP features, so we get alpha-blending etc. 
try: 
 from winxpgui import * 
except ImportError: 
 from win32gui import * 
 
 
class PyNOTIFYICONDATA: 
 _struct_format = ( 
 "I" # DWORD cbSize; 构造巨细(字节) 
 "I" # HWND hWnd; 处置动静的窗心的句柄 
 "I" # UINT uID; 独一的标识符 
 "I" # UINT uFlags; 
 "I" # UINT uCallbackMessage; 处置动静的窗心领受的动静 
 "I" # HICON hIcon; 托盘图标句柄 
 "128s" # TCHAR szTip[128]; 提醒文本 
 "I" # DWORD dwState; 托盘图标形态 
 "I" # DWORD dwStateMask; 形态掩码 
 "256s" # TCHAR szInfo[256]; 气泡提醒文本 
 "I" # union { 
  # UINT uTimeout; 气球提醒消逝工夫(毫秒) 
  # UINT uVersion; 版本(0 for V4, 3 for V5) 
  # } DUMMYUNIONNAME; 
 "64s" # TCHAR szInfoTitle[64]; 气球提醒题目 
 "I" # DWORD dwInfoFlags; 气球提醒图标 
 ) 
 _struct = struct.Struct(_struct_format) 
 
 hWnd = 0 
 uID = 0 
 uFlags = 0 
 uCallbackMessage = 0 
 hIcon = 0 
 szTip = '' 
 dwState = 0 
 dwStateMask = 0 
 szInfo = '' 
 uTimeoutOrVersion = 0 
 szInfoTitle = '' 
 dwInfoFlags = 0 
 
 def pack(self): 
 return self._struct.pack( 
  self._struct.size, 
  self.hWnd, 
  self.uID, 
  self.uFlags, 
  self.uCallbackMessage, 
  self.hIcon, 
  self.szTip.encode("gbk"), 
  self.dwState, 
  self.dwStateMask, 
  self.szInfo.encode("gbk"), 
  self.uTimeoutOrVersion, 
  self.szInfoTitle.encode("gbk"), 
  self.dwInfoFlags
 )
 
 def __setattr__(self, name, value): 
 # avoid wrong field names 
 if not hasattr(self, name): 
  raise (NameError, name) 
 self.__dict__[name] = value 
 
class MainWindow: 
 def __init__(self):
 #初初化变量
 self.title =""
 self.msg =""
 self.duration=5#延时5秒
 self.hwnd =None
 self.hinst =None
 self.regOk = False
 #self.creWind()
 
 
 def creWind(self):
  # Register the Window class.
 wc = WNDCLASS() 
 self.hinst = wc.hInstance = GetModuleHandle(None) 
 wc.lpszClassName = "PythonTaskbarDemo" # 字符串只需有值便可,上面3处也1样 
 wc.lpfnWndProc = { win32con.WM_DESTROY: self.OnDestroy } # could also specify a wndproc. 
 classAtom = RegisterClass(wc)
 # Create the Window. 
 style = win32con.WS_OVERLAPPED | win32con.WS_SYSMENU 
 self.hwnd = CreateWindow(classAtom, "Taskbar Demo", style, 
  0, 0, win32con.CW_USEDEFAULT, win32con.CW_USEDEFAULT, 
  0, 0, self.hinst, None 
 )
 UpdateWindow(self.hwnd)
 #
 def startBubble(self,title, msg, duration=3):
 
 if(self.hwnd==None):
  self.creWind()
 self.title =title
 self.msg=msg
 self.duration=duration
 
 iconPathName = os.path.abspath(os.path.join(sys.prefix, os.getcwd()+"\\pyc.ico")) 
 icon_flags = win32con.LR_LOADFROMFILE | win32con.LR_DEFAULTSIZE 
 try: 
  hicon = LoadImage(self.hinst, iconPathName, win32con.IMAGE_ICON, 0, 0, icon_flags) 
 except: 
  hicon = LoadIcon(0, win32con.IDI_APPLICATION) 
 flags = NIF_ICON | NIF_MESSAGE | NIF_TIP 
 nid = (self.hwnd, 0, flags, win32con.WM_USER + 20, hicon, "Balloon tooltip demo") 
 try:
  Shell_NotifyIcon(NIM_ADD, nid)
 except:
  self.hwnd==None
 self.show_balloon(self.title, self.msg)
 
 time.sleep(self.duration)
 #ReleaseDC(self.hwnd,wc)
 #DeleteDC(wc)
 try:
  DestroyWindow(self.hwnd)
  self.hwnd==None
 except:
  return None
 
 
 def show_balloon(self, title, msg): 
 # For this message I can't use the win32gui structure because 
 # it doesn't declare the new, required fields
 
 nid = PyNOTIFYICONDATA() 
 nid.hWnd = self.hwnd 
 nid.uFlags = NIF_INFO 
 
 # type of balloon and text are random 
 #nid.dwInfoFlags = NIIF_INFO 
 nid.szInfo = msg[:64]
 nid.szInfoTitle = title[:256] 
 
 # Call the Windows function, not the wrapped one 
 from ctypes import windll 
 Shell_NotifyIcon = windll.shell32.Shell_NotifyIconA 
 Shell_NotifyIcon(NIM_MODIFY, nid.pack()) 
 
 def OnDestroy(self, hwnd, msg, wparam, lparam): 
 nid = (self.hwnd, 0) 
 Shell_NotifyIcon(NIM_DELETE, nid) 
 PostQuitMessage(0) # Terminate the app. 
 
if __name__=='__main__':
 msgTitle =u"您有1条短动静"
 msgContent =u"hello python"
 msgTitle =msgTitle
 bubble =MainWindow()
 bubble.startBubble(msgTitle,msgContent)
 bubble.startBubble(msgTitle,u"i'm a balloon")
 bubble.startBubble(msgTitle,u"how do u feel?")

本法式修正网上的法式,合用于WINDOWS仄台,有爱好的伴侣借能够修正成最小化托盘法式。

以上便是本文的全数内容,期望对各人的进修有所帮忙,也期望各人多多撑持剧本之家。