Python+OpenCv制作证件图片生成器的操作方法

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本项目利用Python战OpenCv真现身份证图片死成东西,挖进疑息,挑选1张头像图片(便可死成口角战黑色身份证图片)。能够挑选是不是主动抠图,主动抠图今朝仅撑持蓝色布景,对主动抠图结果没有合意能够脚动抠图。

正在线抠图地点:

https://burner.bonanza.com/

https://www.gaoding.com/koutu

参照尺度:

正里

  “姓名”、“性别”、“平易近族”、“诞生年代日”、“住址”、“百姓身份号码”为6号乌体字,用蓝色油朱印刷;注销项目中的姓名项用5号乌体字印刷;其他项目则用小5号乌体字印刷;诞生年代日 朴直乌体简体字符巨细:姓名+号码(11面)其他(9面)字符间距(AV):号码(50)字符止距:住址(12面);身份证号码字体 OCR-B 10 BT 笔墨 汉文细乌。

后背

  左上角为国徽,用白色油朱印刷;其右边为证件称号“中华群众共战国住民身份证”,分高低两排摆列,此中上排的“中华群众共战国”为4号宋体字,下排的“住民身份证”为2号宋体字;“签收构造”、“有用限期”为6号减细乌体字;签收构造注销项采取,“xx市公安局”;有用限期采取“***x.xx-***x.xx.xx”格局,利用5号乌体字印刷,全数用乌色油朱印刷。

那里我用周杰伦的图象造做简朴的身份证图片,结果图以下:

真现Demo以下:

# coding:utf⑻
import os
import PIL.Image as PImage
from PIL import ImageFont, ImageDraw
import cv2
import numpy as np
try:
 from Tkinter import *
 from ttk import *
 from tkFileDialog import *
 from tkMessageBox import *
except ImportError:
 from tkinter import *
 from tkinter.ttk import *
 from tkinter.filedialog import *
 from tkinter.messagebox import *
if getattr(sys, 'frozen', None):
 base_dir = os.path.join(sys._MEIPASS, 'usedres')
else:
 base_dir = os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__), 'usedres')
def changeBackground(img, img_back, zoom_size, center):
 # 缩放
 img = cv2.resize(img, zoom_size)
 rows, cols, channels = img.shape
 # 转换hsv
 hsv = cv2.cvtColor(img, cv2.COLOR_BGR2HSV)
 # 获得mask
 lower_blue = np.array([78, 43, 46])
 upper_blue = np.array([110, 255, 255])
 mask = cv2.inRange(hsv, lower_blue, upper_blue)
 # cv2.imshow('Mask', mask)
 # 侵蚀收缩
 erode = cv2.erode(mask, None, iterations=1)
 dilate = cv2.dilate(erode, None, iterations=1)
 # 粘揭
 for i in range(rows):
  for j in range(cols):
   if dilate[i, j] == 0: # 0代表乌色的面
    img_back[center[0] + i, center[1] + j] = img[i, j] # 此处替代色彩,为BGR通讲
 return img_back
def paste(avatar, bg, zoom_size, center):
 avatar = cv2.resize(avatar, zoom_size)
 rows, cols, channels = avatar.shape
 for i in range(rows):
  for j in range(cols):
   bg[center[0] + i, center[1] + j] = avatar[i, j]
 return bg
def generator():
 global ename, e***, enation, eyear, emon, eday, eaddr, eidn, eorg, elife, ebgvar
 name = ename.get()
 *** = e***.get()
 nation = enation.get()
 year = eyear.get()
 mon = emon.get()
 day = eday.get()
 org = eorg.get()
 life = elife.get()
 addr = eaddr.get()
 idn = eidn.get()
 fname = askopenfilename(parent=root, initialdir=os.getcwd(), title=u'挑选头像')
 # print fname
 im = PImage.open(os.path.join(base_dir, 'empty.png'))
 avatar = PImage.open(fname) # 500x670
 name_font = ImageFont.truetype(os.path.join(base_dir, 'hei.ttf'), 72)
 other_font = ImageFont.truetype(os.path.join(base_dir, 'hei.ttf'), 60)
 bdate_font = ImageFont.truetype(os.path.join(base_dir, 'fzhei.ttf'), 60)
 id_font = ImageFont.truetype(os.path.join(base_dir, 'ocrb10bt.ttf'), 72)
 draw = ImageDraw.Draw(im)
 draw.text((630, 690), name, fill=(0, 0, 0), font=name_font)
 draw.text((630, 840), ***, fill=(0, 0, 0), font=other_font)
 draw.text((1030, 840), nation, fill=(0, 0, 0), font=other_font)
 draw.text((630, 980), year, fill=(0, 0, 0), font=bdate_font)
 draw.text((950, 980), mon, fill=(0, 0, 0), font=bdate_font)
 draw.text((1150, 980), day, fill=(0, 0, 0), font=bdate_font)
 start = 0
 loc = 1120
 while start + 11 < len(addr):
  draw.text((630, loc), addr[start:start + 11], fill=(0, 0, 0), font=other_font)
  start += 11
  loc += 100
 draw.text((630, loc), addr[start:], fill=(0, 0, 0), font=other_font)
 draw.text((950, 1475), idn, fill=(0, 0, 0), font=id_font)
 draw.text((1050, 2750), org, fill=(0, 0, 0), font=other_font)
 draw.text((1050, 2895), life, fill=(0, 0, 0), font=other_font)
 avatar = cv2.cvtColor(np.asarray(avatar), cv2.COLOR_RGB2BGR)
 im = cv2.cvtColor(np.asarray(im), cv2.COLOR_RGB2BGR)
 if ebgvar.get():
  im = changeBackground(avatar, im, (500, 670), (690, 1500))
 else:
  #im.paste(avatar, (1500, 690), mask=avatar)
  im = paste(avatar, im, (500, 670), (690, 1500))
 im = PImage.fromarray(cv2.cvtColor(im, cv2.COLOR_BGR2RGB))
 im.save('color.png')
 im.convert('L').save('bw.png')
 showinfo(u'胜利', u'文件已死成到目次下,口角bw.png战黑色color.png')
if __name__ == '__main__':
 global ename, e***, enation, eyear, emon, eday, eaddr, eidn, eorg, elife, ebgvar
 root = Tk()
 root.title(u'AIRobot身份证图片死成器')
 # root.geometry('640x480')
 root.resizable(width=False, height=False)
 Label(root, text=u'姓名:').grid(row=0, column=0, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
 ename = Entry(root, width=8)
 ename.grid(row=0, column=1, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
 Label(root, text=u'性别:').grid(row=0, column=2, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
 e*** = Entry(root, width=8)
 e***.grid(row=0, column=3, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
 Label(root, text=u'平易近族:').grid(row=0, column=4, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
 enation = Entry(root, width=8)
 enation.grid(row=0, column=5, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
 Label(root, text=u'诞生年:').grid(row=1, column=0, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
 eyear = Entry(root, width=8)
 eyear.grid(row=1, column=1, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
 Label(root, text=u'月:').grid(row=1, column=2, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
 emon = Entry(root, width=8)
 emon.grid(row=1, column=3, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
 Label(root, text=u'日:').grid(row=1, column=4, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
 eday = Entry(root, width=8)
 eday.grid(row=1, column=5, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
 Label(root, text=u'住址:').grid(row=2, column=0, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
 eaddr = Entry(root, width=32)
 eaddr.grid(row=2, column=1, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3, columnspan=5)
 Label(root, text=u'证件号码:').grid(row=3, column=0, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
 eidn = Entry(root, width=32)
 eidn.grid(row=3, column=1, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3, columnspan=5)
 Label(root, text=u'签收构造:').grid(row=4, column=0, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
 eorg = Entry(root, width=32)
 eorg.grid(row=4, column=1, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3, columnspan=5)
 Label(root, text=u'有用限期:').grid(row=5, column=0, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
 elife = Entry(root, width=32)
 elife.grid(row=5, column=1, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3, columnspan=5)
 Label(root, text=u'选项:').grid(row=6, column=0, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
 ebgvar = IntVar()
 ebg = Checkbutton(root, text=u'主动抠图', variable=ebgvar)
 ebg.grid(row=6, column=1, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3, columnspan=5)
 Button(root, text=u'死成', width=32, command=generator).grid(row=7, column=1, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3, columnspan=4)
 # root.iconbitmap(os.path.join(base_dir, 'ico.ico'))
 root.mainloop()

 之前上传代码利用项目定名:“Python+OpenCv造做身份证图片死成器代码”,额、可是民圆颁布发表背规制止上传,所示将项目称号修正的没有是那末较着,感爱好的小火伴能够下载运转:

http://xiazai.jb51.net/201908/yuanma/xiangmu_code_jb51.rar

固然为了便利操纵,也能够利用pyinstaller模块本身挨包成利用法式,起首需求利用号令装置pyinstaller模块:

pip install pyinstaller

Mac挨包(挨包成Mac app另有成绩已处理)

pyinstaller -i usedres/ico.icns --windowed --clean --noconfirm --onefile --add-data ./usedres:./usedres idcardgenerator.py

Windows挨包

pyinstaller -i usedres/ico.ico --windowed --clean --noconfirm --onefile --add-data usedres;usedres idcardgenerator.py

总结

以上所述是小编给各人引见的Python+OpenCv造做证件图片死成器的操纵办法,期望对各人有所帮忙,若是各人有任何疑问欢送给我留行,小编会实时复兴各人的!